Alabama Gun Laws 2024

Project ar15 Jan 27, 2024
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firearm laws Alabama

General Overview of Firearm Laws in Alabama

Firearm Ownership

In Alabama, individuals aged 18 and older are generally allowed to purchase and possess firearms, including rifles, shotguns, and handguns. However, federal restrictions still apply, such as the prohibition on purchasing handguns from licensed dealers before the age of 21.


Purchase and Background Checks

In Alabama, no permit is required to purchase rifles, shotguns, or handguns. Private sales of firearms between individuals are generally allowed without a background check, but it's advisable to exercise caution and prudence when engaging in private sales. When purchasing a firearm from a federally licensed dealer, a background check through the National Instant Criminal Background Check System (NICS) is required.


What are the Possession Laws in Alabama?

As mentioned earlier, individuals aged 18 and older can possess firearms in Alabama. However, it is essential to comply with state and federal laws regarding where and how firearms can be carried and used. Certain places, such as schools, government buildings, and private property where firearms are prohibited, restrict the possession of firearms.


What are the Requirements for a CCW in Alabama?

Alabama is a "shall-issue" state, meaning that if an individual meets the statutory requirements, they must be issued a concealed carry permit upon application. To obtain a concealed carry permit in Alabama, you must be at least 18 years old (21 for a pistol permit), be a U.S. citizen or legal resident, and meet other eligibility criteria, including completing a background check and undergoing firearms training.


Does Alabama Have Stand Your Ground Law?

Alabama has a "Stand Your Ground" law, which means that individuals have no duty to retreat if they reasonably believe that deadly force is necessary to defend themselves or others against imminent death, serious physical injury, or certain enumerated violent crimes.

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